Brain & Behaviour Research

Understanding how the brain controls behaviour remains one the biggest fundamental challenges of neuroscience. How behaviours are controlled or modified, how thoughts are turned into actions and how memories are gained or lost will be understood by studying the synaptic circuitry of the brain. Neurological and mental health conditions that range from epilepsy to the mental health disorders of depression and anxiety also have their basis in structural and/or functional alterations in the circuitry of the brain. A key trigger for many brain disorders is stress. The functional circuitry of stress remains to be fully understood. Frequently affecting adolescents and young adults, understanding the basis of neurological and mental health conditions is the focus of Brain & Behaviour. One out of every three Canadians will be affected by a brain or mental health disorder in their life and early detection and treatment is often critical to a swift recovery.

Researchers in the Brain & Behaviour theme are applying collaborative approaches and cutting-edge technology to advance our understanding of the cellular communication in the brain and how it influences behaviour. This research is guiding new treatments for existing conditions as well as developing important early-stage interventions to prevent the progression of disease, particularly in young people.

Apply to join a Brain & Mental Health Team, or to read more about the teams click here.


Brain & Behaviour Teams

The Mathison Centre for Mental Health Research & Education encompasses both Stress and Mental Health.

Stress is an important trigger for mental health disorders and strongly correlated with the development of many physical conditions. The goal of the Stress Team is to better understand how the brain processes stress and how stress modifies the brain and nervous system as evidenced changes in a broad range of behaviours. Led by Dr. Matthew Hill, the team is comprised of members with diverse research interests.

Team members have diverse research interests, from depression and anxiety to chronic pain and bipolar disorder, among others. The team’s current goals are: to strengthen collaborations within this large team; to develop pilot funding for high-risk projects; and to continue creating registries that facilitate mental health research. A subset of the team holds a Brain and Mental Health Strategic Research Fund grant focusing on innovative approaches to investigate the association between mental health and school success and to test the impact of an anti-stigma intervention.

The Mathison Centre for Mental Health Research & Education:
Director – Dr. Paul Arnold
HBI SRIC representative – Dr. Matthew Hill (Deputy Director, Mathison Centre)

Mental Health team members:
Full list located here

The Mathison Centre for Mental Health Research & Education team contact: paul.arnold@ucalgary.ca

The Epilepsy team has collectively chosen to focus on the postictal period, the altered state of consciousness that immediately follows an epileptic seizure. The team of basic scientists and clinical researchers successfully obtained a Brain and Mental Health Strategic Research Fund grant and are working towards a clinical trial. The team has strong links to the Alberta Children’s Research Institute (ACHRI) and builds on their strengths in epilepsy and seizure disorders to develop a translational continuum from childhood through to adulthood; from bench to bedside to population health studies.

Epilepsy Team leaders:
Primary Lead – Dr. Paolo Federico 
Co-Lead – Dr. Morris Scantlebury

Epilepsy team members*:
Drs. Colin Dalton, Roberto DiazRichard Dyck, Paolo Federico, Laura Flores-Sarnat, Fady GirgisBradley Goodyear, Walter Hader, Julia Jacobs-Levan,  Colin Josephson, Julia Kam, Karl Martin KleinDeborah Kurrasch, Pierre Levan, Artur Luczak, Wilten Nicola,  Minh Dang Nguyen, Penny Pexman, Samuel PichardoBruce Pike, Quentin Pittman, Andrea Protzner, Harvey Sarnat, Morris Scantlebury, Shaily Singh, Yves Starreveld, G. Campbell Teskey, Chris Vasudevan, Samuel Wiebe 

Epilepsy team contact: 
Dr. Paolo Federico pfederic@ucalgary.ca

*Names in bold are HBI Members

Neurodevelopmental disorders can affect a child’s emotion, learning ability, and behaviors. The Neurodevelopment Team is focused on understanding fundamental developmental programs and how these processes might be perturbed in various disease states. The team shares a unifying theme in understanding brain circuitry across the spectrum, including model organism researchers who study how neurons differentiate and circuits form; synaptic physiologists who examine circuit function in vivo and in vitro; translational researchers who use behavioral approaches to understand how cognitive and language circuits in children develop; and imaging scientists who study factors that influence axonal tract formation and brain volume in children.

In 2018, this NeuroTeam merged with the Owerko Centre for Neurodevelopment and Child Mental Health, whose mandate is to be a multidisciplinary research hub with a broad focus on neurodevelopment, neurodevelopmental disorders, and child mental health. Working with Owerko researchers, NeuroTeam members now collaborate with clinical and policy researchers, among other research interests, to translate their findings more broadly.

Neurodevelopment team leaders: 
Primary Lead – Dr. Deborah Kurrasch
Co-Lead – Dr. Susan Graham

Neurodevelopment team members*:
Drs. Jeff Biernaskie, Signe Bray, Taylor Chomiak, Deborah Dewey, Jeff Dunn, Richard Dyck, Jonathan Epp, Susan Graham, Jiami Guo, Benedikt Hallgrimsson, Peng Huang, Deborah Kurrasch, Catherine Lebel, Ken Lukowiak, Sarah McFarlane, Carly McMorris, Kara Murias, Tim Shutt, Ray Turner, Jun Yan, Guang Yang

Neurodevelopment team contact: 
kurrasch@ucalgary.ca

*Names in bold are HBI Members