Samuel Weiss

Professor

Cell Biology & Anatomy

Physiology & Pharmacology

Full Member

Hotchkiss Brain Institute

B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science)

Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy)

FCAHS

FRSC


Contact information

Location

Office : HMRB172

Preferred method of communication

Administrative Assistant: 

Suzanne Buffel
T: 403.210.7161
E: sbuffel@ucalgary.ca 


Research and teaching

Research activities

Brain Tumour Stem Cell Biology and Experimental Therapeutics

My laboratory discovered a mammalian central nervous system (CNS) stem cell that can be induced to divide in cell culture and in the intact brain, and produce the three major cell types of the CNS - neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. Remarkably, this CNS stem cell is present in both embryonic and adult mammalian (from rodent to human) brain. Recent evidence suggests that the adult human brain stem cells may be at the origin of the malignant human brain tumour – glioblastoma multiforme (glioma).

Thus, the current research goal of the Weiss laboratory is to gain insights into the aberrant cell biology mechanisms of human brain tumour stem cells (BTSCs) that may lead to brain tumour initiation, therapeutic resistance and recurrence. During the past few years, we have established close to 100 BTSC lines from human glioma patients. These BTSC lines display many of the fundamental characteristics of stem cells such as ability to grow as neurospheres under serum-free conditions, multilineage differentiation and clonogenicity. Importantly, they maintain the key parental tumour mutations and mimic human tumour growth in vivo in orthotopic xenografts in NOD SCID mice. We were the first group to report the establishment of BTSC lines with endogenous expression of the IDH1 mutant enzyme and our BTSC library has lines with many of the key characteristic mutations reported in glioma.

We employ a combination of cell biological, molecular, biochemical, and genomic approaches and use BTSCs as a model to study glioma biology and therapeutic response in vitro and in vivo. We are currently focused on four major areas of research:

  1. The mechanisms of autocrine growth factor signalling in BTSCs leading to uncontrolled growth in brain tumours
  2. The "stemness" factor - investigating the cell biology of BTSCs to understand disease initiation and recurrence
  3. Intracellular oncogenic signalling pathways in BTSCs and a translational approach to experimental therapeutics and new drug therapy for brain tumours
  4. Understanding BTSC metabolism with a special focus on the IDH1/2 mutation

We believe the BTSC model system is a powerful tool to investigate human glioma biology and develop novel experimental therapeutics for the disease.

Current Research Support

  • Stand Up to Cancer

  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)


Publications

PubMed

Jensen, K.V., Cseh, O., Aman, A., Weiss, S., Luchman, H.A. (2017) The JAK2/STAT3 inhibitor pacritinib effectively inhibits patient-derived GBM brain tumor initiating cells in vitro and when used in combination with temozolomide increases survival in an orthotopic xenograft model. PLoS One 2017 Dec 18;12(12):e0189670. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189670. eCollection 2017. 

Jahani-As,l A., Yin, H., Soleimani, V.D., Haque, T., Luchman, H.A., Chang, N.C., Sincennes, M.C., Puram, S.V., Scott, A.M., Lorimer, I.A., Perkins, T.J., Ligon, K.L., Weiss, S., Rudnicki, M.A., Bonni, A. (2016) Control of glioblastoma tumorigenesis by feed-forward cytokine signaling. Nature Neuroscience 2016 Jun;19(6):798-806. doi: 10.1038/nn.4295. Epub 2016 Apr 25.

Cusulin, C., Chesnelong, C., Bose, P., Bilenky, M., Kopciuk, K., Chan, J.A., Cairncross, J.G., Jones, J.S., Marra, M.A., Luchman, H.A., Weiss, S. (2015) Precursor states of brain tumor initiating cell lines are predictive of survival in xenografts and associated with glioblastoma subtypes. Stem Cell Reports 15:1-9

Luchman, H.A., Stechishin, O.D., Nguyen, S.A., Lun, X.Q., Cairncross, J.G., and Weiss, S. (2014) Dual mTORC1/2 blockade inhibits glioblastoma brain tumor initiating cells in vitro and in vivo and synergizes with temozolomide to increase orthotopic xenograft survival. Clinical Cancer Research 20(22):5756-5767

Sarkar, S., Döring, A., Zemp, F.J., Silva, C., Lun, X., Wang, X., Kelly, J., Hader, W., Hamilton, M., Mercier, P., Dunn, J.F., Kinniburgh, D., van Rooijen, N., Robbins, S., Forsyth, P., Cairncross, G., Weiss, S. and Yong, V.W. (2014) Therapeutic activation of macrophages and microglia to suppress brain tumor-initiating cells. Nature Neuroscience 17(1):46-55.

Koivunen, P., Lee, S., Duncan, C.G., Lopez, G., Lu, G., Ramkissoon, S., Losman, J.A., Joensuu, P., Bergmann, U., Gross, S., Travins, J., Weiss, S., Looper, R., Ligon, K.L., Verhaak, R.G.W., Yan, H. and Kaelin, W.G. (2012) Transformation by the (R)-enantiomer of 2-hydroxyglutarate linked to EGLN activation. Nature 483:484-488.

Mak, G.K. and Weiss, S. (2010) Paternal recognition of adult offspring mediated by newly generated CNS neurons. Nature Neuroscience 13:753-758.

Kelly, J.J., Stechishin, O., Chojnacki, A., Lun, X., Sun, B., Senger, D.L., Forsyth, P., Auer, R.N., Dunn, J.F., Cairncross, J.G., Parney, I.F., Weiss, S. (2009) Proliferation of human glioblastoma stem cells occurs independently of exogenous mitogens. Stem Cells 27(8):1722-1733.

Shingo, T., Gregg, C., Enwere, E., Fujikawa, H., Hassam, R., Geary, C., Cross, J.C., and Weiss, S. (2003) Pregnancy-stimulated neurogenesis in the adult female forebrain mediated by prolactin. Science 299:117-120

Reynolds, B.A. and Weiss, S. (1992) Generation of neurons and astrocytes from isolated cells of the adult mammalian central nervous system. Science 255:1707-1710.